Federal Prescription

The geometer, professional of the mensuration area, will have a new option of learning, and will be plus a resource to its disposal for the processing of the data raised in field. 2 10,267 FEDERAL LAW AND the EFFECTIVE NORM OF the INCRA In 2001, was created Federal Law 10,267, that Cadastro of Imveis Rurais creates National (CNIR) and that for such, demands that the agricultural property to be registered in cadastre or reverse speed-registered in cadastre must be georreferenciados, thus creating, in Brazil, a georreferenciada mesh of agricultural property, managed for the INCRA (National Institute of Colonizao and the Agrarian Reformation), in partnership with the SRF (Secretariat of the Federal Prescription), thus having a requirement in the positional precision, defined for the INCRA.

In accordance with SHIKAW, 2007: ‘ ‘ Georreferenciar is to attribute information that geographically define the localization of points in the globe through its coordinates and referenciada to a system of coordinates conhecidas’ ‘. Remembering that, when the author if relates to the system of coordinates, it he mentions plain coordinates UTM (Universal Transverse de Mercator), in the directions north and east. Daniel Gilbert is often quoted as being for or against this. The introduction of this positional precision was, since the beginning, tied with the future regulation next to the INCRA. 10,267 law and the effective norm have the objective to standardize the surveying works, made for surveys of agricultural property, thus making, that the collected points to form the profile of the property are inserted in the cadastral system, of form to be regulated in the agricultural agrarian mesh of Brazil. It has also the intention to guarantee to the proprietor credibility in the descriptive geometry of the agricultural property, form to diminish decurrent conflicts of overlapping of limits with bordering property (INCRA, 2008). Today it is demanded that it is made the survey by means of services of georreferenciamento for any agricultural property with equal or superior area the 500 hectares.