Balkan Peninsula

Along with the innovations, which, however, are a continuation of long-existing structure of languages and seamlessly fit into their structure, in Indo-European languages, typological retained basis, which gives the language a so-called harmonious balance. On Today there is an assumption that the Baltic languages in their current state is the closest to the original version of the foundation of Indo-European languages. Scientists have noticed this fact about recently. The reason for this was a general interest in other Indo-European languages and is based on them provide a picture of its parent language. Nowadays there is a new assumption that the Baltic Languages are a kind of 'balance' of Indo-European type. And early in the study of Baltic languages, and today there is a fairly definite point of view that is closest to them languages of the Slavic language group, and then – the German language group. Previously, support the hypothesis of the existence of an intermediate variant of Proto – Slavic-Baltic-German. A.

Leskin conducted research in this area and demonstrated that similar of This trio are the only Slavic and Baltic groups. In the early 20 century in the study of ancient languages of the northern part of the Balkan Peninsula, in particular, Thracian, Illyrian, and only in our time of their continue – the Albanian language, was seen in the proximity of their Balkan languages group. So, on the basis of these data we can describe the distribution area of the Baltic languages in ancient times. From the south, neighboring Baltic tribes were the Thracians and Illyrians in the west – the Germanic tribes from the east – the Slavs, and in the south-east, probably was the border with Iranian tribes.

Hungarian History

This ended the long struggle of the peoples nevengerskoy ethnicity for self-determination after the signing of the Trianon treaty. This event resulted in a significant reduction in the territory of the Kingdom of Hungary. And after 1918, outside of Hungary is strong enough to reduce the use of the Hungarian language. The first monument to the Hungarian writing dates from about 1200-m year. This was a "eulogy and prayer." At the same time, approximately half of the 16th Century II Hungarian texts written mainly in Latin and German. To this time the German language is the most common of all foreign languages in Hungary. And almost until the middle of last century a large portion of the Hungarian people owned them as a second language. In the 16th to 17th centuries, is the formation of national consciousness of the Hungarian people, the result is the fact that Hungarians are increasingly prefer their native language other languages.

If we consider phonetics of vowels in Hungarian, then it is unique. There are 14 vowels. Diphthongs in the language available, as well as reduced noise. Pronunciation of vowels is more precision than, for example, in Russian. The sound of syllables and more distinct. The Hungarian language has a rather clear and strong articulation. Vowels are short and long.

Also, they are back and the front row. Power accent always falls on the first syllable. Consonants in the Hungarian language are soft, unaspirated explosive and solid. During the 5-9 th centuries AD, a huge impact on the Hungarian language had a Turkic dialect. And since 9 century appear in the language of the Slavic elements vocabulary. After the Hungarians accepted the Christian faith, the official language in which all services performed become Latin. Thus, in the Hungarian reach the Latin terms, and with them, and Greek. And for past two centuries, the language of the Hungarian kingdom actively absorbs borrowing from the Italian language, as well as Gallicisms and Germanism. In the middle of last century in the Hungarian language there russisms, and its end – Drawing from the American and British English. During migration, the ancient Hungarian tribes from the Urals to the territory on which the modern Hungary, they are more or less contact with Turkic, Slavic and Iranian peoples, which has left its imprint in the lexicon of the language. The modern vocabulary of the Hungarian language includes elements of the Finnish-Ugrian (21%), Slavic (20%), German (11%), Turkic (9.5%) Latin-Greek (6%) and Roman (2.5%) vocabulary. On this basis, can be called Hungarian "prefabricated" language.