Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274), author of very important legal studies, expressed, most of them within the framework of Scholastic philosophy , which then have structured what is now known as Thomism. The designs, in his work Summa Theologica maximum, three kinds of "laws": the Eternal Law (Reason that governs the universe, ie "order that resides in the very reason God who governs the universe and can not be known for other means of disclosure "), NATURAL LAW (" participation of the eternal law in the rational creature, "" imperfect and partial version of the Lex Aeterna: Is that part of the eternal law that relates to human behavior and can be known rationally "), and human laws, which include the Ius Civile Ius Gentium and and obey the mandate of natural law and, indirectly, of the divine. ** The contract theories. They assume the existence of man within a society. At first man lived in nature, in complete freedom, enjoying the benefits that nature gave him.
Private property breaks this harmony and the domination of some men over other supplementing the budget crisis. Even when we talk about this issue, provided the three authors quoted rationalists who talk on, it is necessary to make clear that it was the Greek Lisofon who first conceived the doctrine of incorporation. THOMAS HOBBES (1588-1679). He was educated at Oxford and was governess of the Prince of Wales Charles II. The publication of his work The Leviathan, despite being so reactionary essence, cost being expelled from England, which could again only during the government of Cromwell.