Gingivitis: signs and symptoms what is gingivitis? Gingivitis a swelling of the gums is the initial stage of gum disease and the easiest to treat. The direct cause of gingivitis is plaque: a soft, sticky, colorless film formed by bacteria that is deposited constantly on the teeth and gums. If daily brushing and flossing do not remove plaque, it produces toxins (poisons) that irritate the gum tissue, causing gingivitis. At this early stage of the disease, the damage can be reversed, already to the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place still have not been affected. However, if left untreated, gingivitis can become periodontitis and cause permanent damage to your teeth and jaw. How do I know if I have gingivitis? Signs and classic symptoms of gingivitis are red, swollen and sensitive gums that may bleed when you brush. Another sign of gum disease is that they have retreated or removed from the teeth, giving your teeth an elongated appearance. Gum disease can cause the formation of pockets between teeth and gums where plaque collects and remnants of meals.
Some people may experience recurrent bad breath or bad taste even when the disease is not advanced. How can I prevent gingivitis? Proper oral hygiene is essential. Professional cleanings are also extremely important because once the plaque hardens and accumulates, or turns into Tartar, only a dentist or hygienist can remove it.