The word Hydroponics is derived from the Greek words Hydro (water) and Ponos (work or work) and literally means "working water." Hydroponics is the science of crops without soil. Although hydroponics is, in practice, synonymous with "growing landless, this does not necessarily mean that plants growing in water or hanging in the air or water baths as is the case of aeroponics. There are several ways of hydroponics, some of which make use of solid substrates ARE NO LAND, such as coconut shell, rice husk, washed river sand, perlite, rock wool, etc. Plants in these substrates can have adequate support to grow, and also offer the ability to hold moisture and promote oxygenation of the roots of plants. The earth is a substrate for classical breeding.
Provides support, maintains moisture and has its own nutrients from the soil in the crop is made. On the ground, however, the oxygen flow is not good and can be transmitted bacterial and viral diseases also presented factors such as pollution of soil and groundwater. These problems do not occur with hydroponics, because the substrate that is used in the hydroponic SOLO offers the support and the ability to maintain moisture and oxygen to the roots of plants. Failed to provide nutrients and is easily controlled that is free from contamination and pests and diseases. Nutrients ARE IN THE WATER (HYDRO) used as the hydroponic nutrient solution. And that is where the true art of art, to have adequate nutrient solutions for each crop at different stages, from the nursery (seed), through germination, bud, growth, flowering, pollination, fruit production and harvesting. The advantages of hydroponics are many and include: * Does not depend strictly stations because it can be done in greenhouses. * Do not depend on soil quality in the geographical area in question.
* You can control the quality of nutrients in a more objective. * Allows the production of certified seed. * Allows the control of pests, parasites, bacteria, fungi and viruses. * Allows the best use of water, because it recycles. * Allows reduced use of toxic agents. * Do not use heavy machinery. * Can be highly automated. * You can protect yourself from the effects of climate. * You can calculate the economic return with an error margin lower than in traditional cultivation. * Fruits and vegetables tend to grow on a regular basis (all with the same average size) with no patches of land for better or worse quality because they do not depend on the land but the solutions and the substrate. * Allows the implementation of crops in urban and sub-urban (including patios, terraces, etc) in the form of gardens. * Does not require large tracts of land.