Fighting Dolphins

The U.S. Navy began also known as fighting dolphins in the Iraq war. “When it was announced that the U.S. military in Iraq war also known as fighting dolphins” set, an almost forgotten topic for a short time got into the spotlight of public interest: the use of animals in the war. In the spring of 218 BC, Hannibal led an enormous army of elephants through Spain and Gaul across the Alps to attack Rome. Before and after his animals in the history of humankind in countless wars have been abused – horses, dogs or camels. After the end of the campaign in Afghanistan, specially trained sniffer dogs from Germany and Belgium were employed for the detection of mines.

A not quite safe job, but the animals can sniff out barely to be mines plastic based on the smell of explosives. By entirely different caliber was already the use of dolphins and sea lions in the last Iraq war, almost two thousand years after Hannibal’s daring crossing of the Alps. The soldiers of the sea”can combat trained dolphins kill enemy divers and detect sea mines. Education, transport and use of extremely stressful for the intelligent sea mammals but apart from the more than dubious military value of such weapons”, many do not survive the rigorous training. Since 1959, trained the U.S.

Navy captured wild dolphins for military purposes and for the first time put them in the Bay of Cam Ranh during the Viet Nam war. The marine mammals that are equipped with special nose weapons should kill there enemy divers. Fighting dolphins were during the cold war to one of the best-kept military secrets, to a veritable arms race between the United States and the USSR broke out. While the about 120 Russian fighting dolphins were largely sold after the collapse of the Soviet Empire, the United States was the animals including the Gulf war in 1991 and in 2000 during a NATO exercise in the Baltic Sea. Also the Navy by India to have fighting dolphins, which can selectively install mines on enemy ships. The military draw on in curiosity and the pronounced locating assets of animals. The small whale discovered a suspected underwater object, he can mark it by means of a probe or it floats to the surface and gives character to understand what he has discovered. As a reward, there are to eat something. For the Dolphin Takoma”Iraq was only two days but again to end. The 22-year-old bottlenose disappeared supposedly equally on his first mission. Maybe Takoma was”also to curious and was torn apart by a mine. Killed, or escape the result remains the same. In the wild, Takoma has”virtually no chance of survival.


In the days of modernity, where the chemistry and use of many products for the trade and industrialization have forced researchers to invent one after another each of products that generate us comfort or utilities, we have that oil is not one of those minerals that have been alien to this phenomenon. Gain insight and clarity with David Karp. Indeed, in the present day are many derivatives of petroleum that are used for various purposes in the market. We would like to talk a little about these derivatives of petroleum in the following article. Many are the petroleum products that exist in him world and which are manufactured by different chemical industries around the world. Despite that there are many petroleum-based all over the world and these are used for very different purposes and different types, we would like to talk mainly of the petroleum products more known by the whole world: we refer to those derived from petroleum that are used as fuels, which in turn serve many different purposes. Derivatives of the oil of which we will discuss in this article will be light gasoline, which is used for the mobilization of small motors that do not need a very strong burning in order to function. We will also talk about the petroleum products that are called gasoline heavy, these derivatives of petroleum are those who serve for the operation of explosion engines, which are so important in modern industry.

Aviation gasoline, which requires a special composition to operate with enough force to lift portentous flying and equipment that we serve for air transportation of things and persons shall be disclosed. In addition lampante oil, which is a derivative of the oil not very common in the present day, as this was used in lamps which operated petroleum-based and he was replaced by electric lamps that work connected to an electrical outlet or who work through battery virtually shall be disclosed. Another oil that you should of mentioned is the Gas/Oil, which is used in car engines although it is not as effective as it can be the gasoline that commonly are tanquean trucks in today. It can not be overlooked the most famous fuel oil, which is gasoline which commonly used cars of all cities and even in the most rural areas, this is perhaps one of the petroleum products that most people know because they have had direct contact with the. Finally, it is worth mentioning the petroleum products called heavy products, which include a variety of products that do not serve as fuel, but are used for industrial purposes or for various household purposes. As we can see, there are many derivatives of oil that have to do with the processing and industrialization of oil for the manufacture of products that serve as fuel for the engines of different means of transport, the operation of household appliances and other different industrial and domestic uses. Is not much thing that we say in this article on the petroleum products in reality, however, we hope that this little information will serve to orient the reader about different petroleum products that exist in the world.

Boehringer Ingelheim

FELTEN study: energy reduction achieved in the strategic priorities a front position two of five manufacturing companies have realized the first operational activities or do they have in designing concrete Serrig, June 20, 2012 – energy transformation seems to have arrived already largely in the company of manufacturing industries. According to a study of the FELTEN group this theme has taken a front position in the ranking of the strategic priorities on the production achieved. It is now neck and neck with the aim to increase the efficiency in the production. Then 59 and 57 per cent of the over 250 companies surveyed currently a high importance these two objectives, apply followed by the improvement of production management (53 percent) and process optimization, which is a high priority for every second manufacturing plant. The flexibility of production and production quality can be found on the other courses of the strategic objectives. Despite the clear commitment to building energy-saving conditions in the production, but only every seventh has Companies in this regard the first operational measures taken.

However, they are in another 29 percent in the planning. The planning for a green production strategy currently also 37 percent are employed, while only one-fifth of the companies has launched no energy-saving initiatives in the production or planned. These results are consistent with the findings from our study and our impressions in consultations”, see Werner Felten, Managing Director of the FELTEN group, a significant change in the strategic priorities in the production industry. The energy costs are becoming a very significant cost factor, which therefore requires a very special attention.” But the survey also shows, that the way required to not only clear confessions, but an internal energy revolution has many hurdles to overcome. Establishing an operational challenge the largest it according to 73 percent of the companies surveyed System for energy management dar.

A clearly perceived time pressure in the planning and implementation is known as a major difficulty by 62 percent, as the investment resources necessary for these projects in connection with the green production projects. What is interesting is that a the related modernisation planning of the production machines of comparatively only 44 percent of the company is represented as a problem. Greater efforts make them according to the development of the strategy and the design of energy-saving production processes (57 percent). The companies see an only small hurdle, however, employees: their acceptance of a stronger focus on cleaner production conditions is evaluated in large majority as positive. Production conditions must be accentuated scratch given the needs, specifically to focus on energy management. This involves necessarily significant challenges, which are to deal with”, emphasizes Felten. On the other hand “he refers to the perspectives: cost savings are purely economic in quite considerable size to achieve, therefore these investments justify regardless of the nowadays also very important environmental aspect in any case.” FELTEN group: The FELTEN group is an internationally operating software and consulting firm that develops solutions to optimise processes for all production areas and according to international quality standards. Clients include Beiersdorf, Boehringer Ingelheim, Symrise, Sensient, Texas instruments, etc. FELTEN has become the first supplier the holistic and process-oriented production intelligence approach. The company is present except in German-speaking Europe in the United Kingdom, France and Singapore.